Dora E. Giffen papers

 Collection — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MS-0309

Collection Organization

The focal point of the Dora E. Giffen collections centers around the family correspondence, written primarily by Dora, during the period from 1920 to 1926. The correspondence of those years provides an interesting and detailed study of the life of a young 23 year-old female missionary in British-held Egypt. This influential basis of Dora's early adult life is recognized in the ensuing years through Dora's connection and strong commitment to Leon and Anna Loofbourow, pastor and wife of the Richmond Co-Operative Parish, California; through all the church-related literature; and through Dora's love of travel. A 1958 church-sponsored "Round the World" seminar attested to the religious influence on her life. The correspondence is greatly enhanced and further explained by the extensive corresponding photograph collection of that time period, 1920-1926. The look and feel of Egypt was vividly captured in those photographs. Artifacts, such as a child's porcelain-head doll and Egyptian leather slippers, both belonging to Dora, give the collection a three-dimensional quality.

The notable thing about the Giffen collection is that it not only provides sufficient material on Dora to use her as a research subject, but also contains so many unique subdivisions. The large collection of photographs not only chronicles the Giffen-Martin families from three generations back, but also shows the history of photography from tintypes to snapshots. These photographs include a section devoted to Dora's mother, Frances (Franc) Martin Giffen, whose ideas and accomplishments had a strong impact on Dora. A second subdivision, dealing with the academic files of both Dora and Franc, dates back to 1877 and provides a look at academic requirements, diplomas, and certificates. The travel section of the collection provides information on all the aspects of travel and tourism; prices, maps, photographs, postcards, and changes from the 1920's to the 1970's. The influence of travel on Dora's life is predominantly recognized in her diaries, especially the latest one which attests to Dora's on-going interest in world affairs.

Important to the collection are the genealogical files which document the maternal side (Martin) of the family back six generations and are very helpful in keeping track of names in the collection, most of which, from the turn of the century, can be matched to a photograph. A very unique book worth mentioning is Flowers of the Holy Land, a wood-bound book containing pressed arrangements of the flowers of Jerusalem.

The spirit of the Giffen collection is the essence of womanhood. The total independence used by Dora in all of her actions and deeds makes her more a contemporary woman than one normally thought of in the early or mid 20th century. It is very apparent throughout this collection that the greatest influence comes from the female members of the family.

Correspondence , 1897-1973

 Series — Box 1

FAMILY CORRESPONDENCE 1897-1907, 1919-1926, 1931-1933, 1940-1946, 1973 Arranged chronologically Family correspondence scattered throughout Dora's childhood; personal accounts of Dora crossing the Atlantic Ocean; her life as a young missionary in Egypt, and her family's responses to thos letters; various scattered letters to and from family members throughout Dora's later life. Most of the 1920's correspondence includes stamped and dated envelopes.

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE 1950-1951, 1973 Arranged chronologically Includes a letter of praise from the Superintendent of Akron Public Schools; a letter of sponsorship of an Alaskan schoolgirl; and a letter of inquiry to the Miami Christian University Library.

LOOFBOUROW CORRESPONDENCE 1948-1968 Arranged chronologically Personal correspondence, primarily from Anna H. Loofbourow with some letters from her husband Rev. Leon L. Loofbourow. Rev. Loofbourow was the pastor of two churches in the Richmond California Co-Operative Parish of the Methodist Church. The letters emphasize Dora's on-going commitment to her religion.

.3 Cubic Feet (6 folders)

Correspondence - Family, 1897-1907, 1919-1920

 File — Box 1, Folder: 1

Correspondence - Family, 1921

 File — Box 1, Folder: 2

Correspondence - Family, 1922-1926

 File — Box 1, Folder: 3

Correspondence - Family, 1931, 1933, 1940-1946, 1955, 1973

 File — Box 1, Folder: 4

Correspondence - General, 1950-1951, 1973

 File — Box 1, Folder: 5

Correspondence - Loofbourow, 1948-1968

 File — Box 1, Folder: 6

Subject Files, 1880-1976

 Series — Multiple Containers

GIFFEN GENEALOGY 1886-1965 (scattered) Includes a history of the Erskine titled line; a general history of the Giffen coat-of-arms provided by Halberts of Bath, Ohio; an account of the Erskine Family as early settlers in Jefferson County, Ohio; an account, edited by Dora in 1946, of the Stevenson/Erskine/Martin family written by Dora's great-great uncle Josias Stevenson in 1886; genealogical charts of Dora Giffen's maternal line; and a history of the Logan Family compiled by Mabelle Logan Saviers (related to Dora's maternal uncle Samuel Erskine Martin, who married Margaret Logan). There are two address directories at the end of the file which provide more current locations of family members.

LIFE HISTORY 1897-1976 Includes an almost day-to-day account of baby Dora's much travelled first two years of life, by Franc Martin; a year to year account of major life events up to 1976; a Baby's Record Book indicating written birth records of Dora and her four siblings (two of whom did not survive); height, weight, and teething records of the infants Dora, her siblings, and her cousins.

PRIMARY SCHOOL FILES 1877-1911 Arranged chronologically Includes an 1877 final "Pupil's Report" card for 12 year old Franc Martin; a Royal Primer, circa 1903, used by Dora as a child in Egypt; a 1907-1908 New Concord School report card for 10 year old Dora; and a 1910-1911 final Scholar's Monthly Report of Dora Giffen.

COLLEGE SCHOOL FILES 1880-1885, 1914-1945, 1958, 1969 Arranged chronologically Includes Muskingum College grade transcripts of Franc Martin covering her first term in 1880 at age 15 to her last term in 1885 at age 20; a 1914-1915 school year Muskingum College statement of tuition for 17 year old Dora Giffen; a 1919 copy of the weekly Muskingum College newspaper, the Black and Magenta; two folders of art material from Dora's Muskingum College German class; three graded short-story assignments, circa 1930; grade transcripts produced in 1945 and 1958 of Dora's classes at Muskingum College for 1915-1920, 1926-1928, and 1938, Columbia University, New York City, 1939, and Ohio State University, 1941 and 1942; and a copy of the 50th Reunion program of Muskingum College Class of 1919.

TEACHING SCHOOL FILES 1930-1964 Arranged chronologically Includes personal and form letters to Dora Giffen; various handbooks for teachers; 1958-1964 group photographs of pupils and colleagues of Dora's in the Akron, Ohio Public School System.

MASTER'S DEGREE THESIS 1932 Complete copy of Dora Giffen's master's thesis presented at Ohio State University.

SCHOOL DIPLOMAS AND CERTIFICATES 1880-1964 Arranged chronologically Includes a Guernsey County, Ohio teacher's certificate of Franc Martin (1880); Dora Giffen's diploma's from Muskingum College (1919); Dora's teaching certificates from Ohio and Pennsylvania; and various inservice training certificates. Encapsulated certificates located in oversize MS drawers.

GIFT BOOKS 1886-1921 Includes gift books/presentations to Franc Martin and Dora Giffen from students, family, and friends.

.56 Cubic Feet (9 folders)

Giffen genealogy, 1886-1965

 File — Box 1, Folder: 7

Life history, 1897-1976

 File — Box 1, Folder: 8

School files -Primary, 1877-1911

 File — Box 2, Folder: 1

School files - College, 1880-1885, 1914-1939

 File — Box 2, Folder: 2

School files - College, 1941-1945, 1958, 1969

 File — Box 2, Folder: 3

School files - Teaching, 1930-1964

 File — Box 2, Folder: 4

School files - Master's Thesis, 1932

 File — Box 2, Folder: 5

School files - Diplomas/Certificates, 1880-1955

 File — Box 2, Folder: 6

Gift books/presentations, 1892, 1905, 1921, undated

 File — Box 2, Folder: 7

Certificate - Muskingum College diploma of Franc Martin Giffen, 1885

 Item — Item Oversize 2

Certificate - Muskingum Academy School diploma to Dora Giffen, 1915

 Item — Item Oversize 3

Certificate - Muskingum College diploma of Dora Giffen, 1920

 Item — Item Oversize 4

Certificate - Ohio State University diploma for Masters Degree to Dora Giffen, 1932

 Item — Item Oversize 5

Certificate - Akron Public Schools Teacher Emeritus recognition to Dora Giffen, 1964

 Item — Item Oversize 6

Literary Productions, 1883-1981

 Series — Box 3

AUTOGRAPH ALBUM/CALLING CARDS 1883-1885, n.d. Includes an pictorial autograph album belonging to Franc Martin and signed by friends and relatives; calling cards belonging to both Franc Martin and Dora Giffen.

DIARIES 1924, 1938, 1958, 1979-1981 Arranged chronologically Dora Giffen's diaries. Diary of 1924 from Dora's fourth year of mission work in Egypt; 1938 volume from period of time she spent at Columbia University; 1958 diary describes around-the-world tour; and 1979-1981 volume is a collective day-to-day description of her routine-oriented later years.

.10 Cubic Feet (2 folders)

Autograph album/calling cards, 1883-1885, undated

 File — Box 3, Folder: 1

Diaries, 1924, 1938, 1958, 1979-1981

 File — Box 3, Folder: 2

Legal Documents , 1892-1958

 Series — Box 3

LEGAL DOCUMENTS - EGYPT 1892, 1920-1926, 1949 Arranged chronologically Includes an 1892 Soldiers' Christian Association membership card of Franc Giffen; Dora's 1920 British missionary permit; a petition of U.S. citizenship and Consular Certificate of Registration from 1921; Dora's cancelled passport of 1926; and a 1949 Board of Foreign Missions declaration of U.S. citizenship.

LEGAL DOCUMENTS - CENTRAL/SOUTH AMERICA 1939-1958 Arranged chronologically Includes 1939 Panamanian identification card; cancelled passport of 1939 (Western Hemisphere only); a 1939 health survey of Dora; a 1941 Panama Canal employment application; a variety of immunization records; miscellaneous correspondence with the U.S. and Brazilian consulate and the U.S. State Department; and cancelled passport, issued in 1957 (which includes visa stamps from the Round-the-World tour).

.10 Cubic Feet (2 folders)

Legal documents - Egypt, 1892, 1920-1926, 1949

 File — Box 3, Folder: 3

Legal documents- Central/South America, 1939-1957

 File — Box 3, Folder: 4

Scrapbooking and Scrapbook Materials, 1904-1971

 Series — Multiple Containers

NEWSCLIPPINGS 1904-1905, 1922, 1936-1937, 1982 Mostly obituaries, providing excellent character descriptions of Martin/Giffen family members, including an article recounting a current Giffen family member's brush with death. A few church related articles.

TRAVEL AND TOURISM 1926, 1940, 1949-1959, 1971 Arranged chronologically Tour information, itineries, photographs, postcards, handbooks, and cost sheets. Includes material from the return trip from Egypt in 1926 via France, England, and Scotland; a Costa Rican tour during her 1939-1941 employment by the Pan-American Institute in Panama; miscellaneous files of domestic and foreign trips; and specific files on the 1958 Round-the-World tour of 11 countries in 40 days.

7.36 Cubic Feet (16 folders)

Newsclippings, 1904-1905, 1922, 1936-1937, 1982

 File — Box 3, Folder: 5

Travel/tourism - France, 1926

 File — Box 3, Folder: 6

Travel/tourism - England, 1926

 File — Box 3, Folder: 7

Travel/tourism - England, 1926

 File — Box 3, Folder: 8

Travel/tourism - Scotland, 1926

 File — Box 4, Folder: 1

Travel/tourism - Costa Rica, 1940

 File — Box 4, Folder: 2

Travel/tourism - General, 1949-1951, 1971

 File — Box 4, Folder: 3

Travel/tourism - Miscellaneous, undated

 File — Box 4, Folder: 4

Travel/tourism - Round-the-World (Intro.), 1958

 File — Box 4, Folder: 5

Travel/tourism - Round-the-World (England, France, Italy), July 19-27, 1958

 File — Box 5, Folder: 1

Travel/tourism - Round-the-World (Greece, Turkey), July 27-31, 1958

 File — Box 5, Folder: 2

Travel/tourism - Round-the-World (India), August 1-10, 1958

 File — Box 5, Folder: 3

Travel/tourism - Round-the-World (Thailand, Malaya, Hong Kong), August 11-17, 1958

 File — Box 5, Folder: 4

Travel/tourism - Round-the-World (Japan), August 18-22, 1958

 File — Box 5, Folder: 5

Travel/tourism - Round-the-World (Honolulu), August 23-27, 1958

 File — Box 5, Folder: 6

Travel/tourism - Round-the-World (Hawaiian Islands), August 28-September 4, 1958

 File — Box 5, Folder: 7

Printed Material , 1898-1964

 Series — Multiple Containers

NEWSLETTERS 1939-1963 Arranged chronologically Includes the Union Parsonage Newsletter, Balboa, Canal Zone; Loofbourow Newsletter, Berkeley, California; Richmond Co-Operative Parish Newsletter, Richmond, California; and Tanta Tattlings, Tanta, Egypt.

PAMPHLETS - CHURCH RELATED 1898-1961 (scattered) Includes pamphlets of church description, church service and witness, committee reports, mission duties, and NBC broadcasts.

PAMPHLETS - EGYPT 1920-1926 Includes pamphlets on Egyptian people and places, African Christian organization and evangelism, academic requirements and programs, and a confidential survey, "The missionary occupation of Egypt".

PAMPHLETS - LOOFBOUROW 1933-1959 Pamphlets written by Rev. Leon Loofbourow on various people, places, and events.

PAMPHLETS - PANAMA 1939-1941 Pamphlets regarding academics, athletics, and Christian and social endeavors in Panama.

PROGRAMS 1900-1964, n.d. Arranged chronologically A wide and interesting variety of playbills and programs of classical music concerts, Muskingum College events, and stage production playbills.

BOOKS 1950 In Search of God's Gold, by Leon L. Loofbourow. A history of the Methodist Church in northern California.

BOOKS 1902, 1917, n.d. Three books in Arabic, probably the Arabic Psalter and related books used by Dora in Egypt.

BOOKS 1920 Tunes of the Arabic Psalter in staff notation. Music book used by Dora as she played the piano and organ; a companion to the Arabic Psalter and related books.

BOOKS 1964 A Strange Detour, by Murden Woods. The story of Marion E. Childress, a missionary nurse.

BOOKS 1898 The American Mission in Egypt, by Andrew Watson. Book handed down from Nancy J. Martin to J.W. Martin to Franc Martin Giffen to Dora E. Giffen.

BOOKS circa 1906 Wild Flowers of the Holy Land, by Ferdinand Vester. A book of pressed, dried flowers, bought in Egypt by Rev. & Mrs. E.M. Giffen sometime before March 1906.

BOOKS 1923 Jerusalem, by J.B. Walker. A religious touring guidebook.

BOOKS 1932 Two Words, by Margaret Slattery.

BOOKS July 1897 Our Day, a religious women's magazine.

BOOKS 1887? Book in Arabic belonging to Franc Martin Giffen; possibly a religious text used as part of a study course in Islam.

BOOKS 1890 Bible songs, consisting of selections from the Psalms set to music. Book belonging to Franc Martin Giffen.

BOOKS 1905 Religions of mission fields, as viewed by Protestant missionaries.

BOOKS circa 1840 Narratives of Little Henry and his bearer, by Mary Martha Sherwood. A religious children's book.

BOOKS 1875 Holy Bible. Bible given to Franc Martin by her mother, passed down to Dora.

BOOKS 1831 Helen and Her Cousin. A religious children's book.

BOOKS 1860? Intellectual arithmetic by induction and analysis, by Joseph Ray. School book belonging to Franc Martin. Book two of Ray's Arithmetic, Eclectic Educational series.

BOOKS 1860? Practical arithmetic by induction and analysis, by Joseph Ray. School book belonging to Franc Martin. Book three of Ray's Arithmetic, Eclectic Educational series.

BOOKS 1913 Arabic-English dictionary, by William Thomson Wortabet. Dictionary belonging to Dora Giffen.

2.76 Cubic Feet (6 folders, 20 books)

Newsletters, 1939-1963

 File — Box 6, Folder: 1

Pamphlets - Church related, 1898-1961

 File — Box 6, Folder: 2

Pamphlets - Egypt, 1920-1926

 File — Box 6, Folder: 3

Pamphlets - Loofbourow, 1933-1959, undated

 File — Box 6, Folder: 4

Pamphlets - Panama, 1939-1941

 File — Box 6, Folder: 5

Programs/playbills, 1900-1964, undated

 File — Box 6, Folder: 6

Book - In Search of God's Gold, 1950

 File — Box 6, Folder: 7

Book - Arabic (soft-bound, black), 1917

 File — Box 7, Folder: 1

Book - Arabic (hard-bound, black), undated

 File — Box 7, Folder: 2

Book - Arabic (soft-bound, black), 1902

 File — Box 7, Folder: 3

Book - Tunes of the Arabic Psalter, 1920

 File — Box 7, Folder: 4

Book - A strange detour, 1964

 File — Box 7, Folder: 5

Book - The American Mission in Egypt, 1898

 File — Box 7, Folder: 6

Book - Flowers of the Holy Land, 1906

 File — Box 8, Folder: 1

Book - Jerusalem, 1923

 File — Box 8, Folder: 2

Book - Two words, 1932

 File — Box 8, Folder: 3

Book - Our Day (magazine issue), July 1897

 File — Box 8, Folder: 4

Book - Bible in Arabic, undated

 File — Box 8, Folder: 5

Book - Bible songs, 1890

 File — Box 8, Folder: 6

Book - Religions of mission fields, 1905

 File — Box 8, Folder: 7

Book - Narratives of Little Henry, 1840

 File — Box 9, Folder: 1

Book - Holy Bible, 1875

 File — Box 9, Folder: 2

Book - Helen and Her Cousin, 1831

 File — Box 9, Folder: 3

Book - Intellectual arithmetic, 1860

 File — Box 9, Folder: 4

Book - Pratical arithmetic, 1860

 File — Box 9, Folder: 5

Book - Arabic-English dictionary, 1913

 File — Box 9, Folder: 6

Photographic Material, 1860-1970

 Series — Multiple Containers

POSITIVE PRINTS - FAMILY 1860's-1970's A collection of eight complementary folders of quality photographs depicting and identifying the Martin and Giffen family lines. Photographs of home in New Concord, Ohio and friends are also included.

POSITIVE PRINTS - EGYPT 1920-1926 Six folders of photographs showing Dora Giffen's ocean voyage to Egypt; the people, places and events of Egypt; and an accumulation of postcards depicting Cairo and the Middle East. Related to the correspondence of the 1920's. One oversize photograph of the Girls School in Fayoum, Egypt located in flat MS drawer with wrapped and encapsulated items.

POSITIVE PRINTS - PANAMA 1939-1941 Unidentified photographs and postcards of Panama during Dora's two-year teaching position in that country.

1.38 Cubic Feet (3 boxes, 15 folders)

Photographs - Franc Martin Giffen, 1860-1925

 File — Box 10, Folder: 1

Photographs - Dora Giffen, 1897-1930

 File — Box 10, Folder: 2

Photographs - Giffen family, 1800-1970

 File — Box 10, Folder: 3

Photographs - Martin family, 1800-1920

 File — Box 10, Folder: 4

Photographs - Giffen/Martin families, 1800-1939

 File — Box 11, Folder: 1

Photographs - New Concord, Ohio, 1906-1920

 File — Box 11, Folder: 2

Photographs - Friends, 1880-1920

 File — Box 11, Folder: 3

Photographs - Miscellaneous, 1906-1959

 File — Box 11, Folder: 4

Photographs - Ocean voyage/arrival in Egypt, 1920

 File — Box 11, Folder: 5

Photographs - Egypt, 1921-1924

 File — Box 11, Folder: 6

Photographs - Egypt, 1925

 File — Box 11, Folder: 7

Photographs - Egypt, 1920-1926

 File — Box 11, Folder: 8

Photographs - Postcards of Cairo, 1921

 File — Box 12, Folder: 1

Photographs - Postcards of Middle East, 1923

 File — Box 12, Folder: 2

Photographs - Panama, 1939-1941

 File — Box 12, Folder: 3

Photograph - Girls School, Fayoum Egypt, 1926

 Item — Item Oversize 1

Artifacts, circa 1898, 1905, undated

 Series — Box 13

DOLL circa 1898 Doll with porcelain head and arms. Gift under Dora's first Christmas tree from Uncle John and Aunt Elizabeth. CAUTION: Doll broken, handle with care.

SHOES circa 1905 One pair of "Shib-shibs", Egyptian leather slippers worn by Dora as a child.

DARNING EGG n.d. Hollow wooden egg, with removable spools for thread and compartment in spindle for needles.

0.27 Cubic Feet (1 flat box)

Doll with porcelain head and arms, circa 1898

 Item — Box 13, Item: 1

Egyptian leather slippers, circa 1905

 Item — Box 13, Item: 2

Hollow wooden darning egg, undated

 Item — Box 13, Item: 3