MS 377 - George & Myrtle Phillips Collection
|MS 377 - George & Myrtle Phillips Collection
The correspondence, educational files, and scrapbooks of George A. Phillips, a black teacher and principal in Cincinnati, Ohio, covers a span of years form 1844 to 1976, with the bulk of the collection covering the years 1900 to 1976. The collection contains educational files and writings produced during his years of teaching and scrapbooks which he compiled and which detail his life and accomplishments. The correspondence primarily is with friends, family, and business acquaintances. Also included in this collection are thirty-five diaries which his wife Myrtle Phillips kept from 1932 to 1971.
The collection was donated and transferred to the Center for Archival Collections in September 1984, through the cooperation of Laurence R. Hipp, Grover Hill, Ohio. Literary and property rights have been dedicated to the public and duplication is permitted for the purposes of preservation and scholarly research. No restrictions exist on the use of this collection. The register was prepared by Robert Dunkelberger in October 1984.
George Augustus Phillips (1885-1984) was a teacher and principal in Ohio and Michigan for fifty years. He was born on December 22, 1885, to Rev. Lloyd Phillips and Georgiana (Howard) Phillips in Washington Township, Paulding County, Ohio. He graduated from Paulding High School in 1907 and began teaching. He later took up farming but went back to teaching in 1917 when he moved to Cassopolis, Michigan. Phillips attended Western Michigan State College in Kalamazoo during the early twenties and graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1924.
He moved from Michigan to Cincinnati where he received a Master of Arts degree from the University of Cincinnati in 1927. He taught from 1924 to 1935 at the Stowe-Jackson School, Cincinnati, and was principal of the Stowe School organization form 1935 to 1956, when he retired. His Doctor of Philosophy degree in Education was recognized and accepted in 1939 and he received an honorary degree from the University of Cincinnati in 1968.
Myrtle Ann Reynolds (1889-1973) was George Phillips' wife for sixty-four years. She was born on March 24, 1889, to Orlando Reynolds and Casselia (Allen) Reynolds in Ridge Township, Van Wert County, Ohio. She married George Phillips on October 31, 1909. She died on July 14, 1973, in Cincinnati.
|Scope and Content
The George and Myrtle Phillips Collection includes correspondence which is arranged by correspondent's name. This correspondence includes letters between George and Myrtle, letters with friends and family, copies of letters written by George, correspondence with various educational and business contacts, personal and general correspondence.
One subject file is included in this collection which pertains to education. Included in this file are George Phillips' college and university records and credentials, notes on classes and seminars, a masters thesis, student notebooks, and reports. This collection also contains many literary productions. Among these are autograph books, Myrtle Phillips' diaries, family genealogies, a record of trips, the history of settlements in Paulding County, and the story of George Phillips' struggle for the Doctor of Philosophy degree.
The only financial document in this collection is a financial ledger containing listings of the Phillips' expenditures and receipts for the years 1912-1950. The collection also contains scrapbooks compiled by George Phillips which pertain to his life, family and friends. He also saved newspaper clippings which provide information on his life and various subjects of interest to him.
The collection also includes two ledgers listing the books contained in his library, membership cards of organizations to which he belonged, and photographs of his house and of various trips. The oversize material includes two large scrapbooks about George Phillips' life which contain newspaper clippings, correspondence, printed material and photographs, and a copy of a black newspaper published in Cincinnati.
This collection provides excellent information specifically on George Phillips' struggle as a black man to obtain an education and establish a career, and on Phillips' marriage and family. Generally, this collection provides information on the education of minority and urban youth, black family history, and local history--Paulding County and Cincinnati, Ohio.
CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN GEORGE AND MYRTLE PHILLIPS
CORRESPONDENCE WITH FAMILY AND FRIENDS
COPIES OF LETTERS WRITTEN BY GEORGE PHILLIPS
CORRESPONDENCE WITH EDUCATIONAL AND BUSINESS CONTACTS
CORRESPONDENCE OF A PERSONAL NATURE
"COLLECTION OF WELL PUT STATEMENTS"
DIARIES OF MYRTLE PHILLIPS
FAMILY ALBUM OF LETTERS AND WRITINGS
FAMILY RECORD AND TRIPS
"PIONEER HISTORY OF SETTLEMENTS IN PAULDING COUNTY"
"REFLECTIONS ON DR. AND MRS. GOOD'S GRANDCHILDREN"
"MY STRUGGLE FOR THE DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY DEGREE"
SCRAPBOOKS OF FAMILY AND FRIENDS
LEDGERS OF LIBRARY BOOK LISTS
UNIDENTIFIED TINTYPE AND PHOTO ALBUM
HONORARY DEGREE SCRAPBOOK
MY LIFE CAREER BOOK--GEORGE A. PHILLIPS
ENCAPSULATED NEWSPAPER--THE UNION