MS 755 - Brigham Family Papers
|Title||MS 755 - Brigham Family Papers|
The Brigham Family Papers consist of roughly .5 linear ft. of Civil War era correspondence, and postwar papers, clippings and photographs, primarily relating to the family of Joseph H. Brigham and his career during the Civil War and with the Grange and U.S. Department of Agriculture.
The papers were donated and transferred to the Center for Archival Collections on March 31, 1998, through the cooperation of Betty Hughes Melton of Falls Church, Virginia, with contributions courtesy of Nancy Brigham Gibson (1931-1998) of Rancho Palos Verdes, California. There are no restrictions on the use of this collection. The register was prepared by Marilyn Levinson, Curator of Manuscripts in May 1998.
The central figure of the Brigham Family collection is Joseph Henry Brigham, who was born in Lodi, Ohio on December 12, 1838. He was the son of Winfield Scott Brigham, originally from Otsego County, New York, whose brother Joel also figures in the collection. The W.S. Brigham Family moved to Lodi, Ohio in 1836, relocating to Fulton County in 1852.
Joseph Henry Brigham taught school for several terms before the outbreak of the Civil War. At that time he enlisted in the 69th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, rising through the ranks to be mustered out as a Colonel in 1865. The regiment was part of the Army of the Cumberland and was involved in the Atlanta Campaign including battles at Stone River, Mission Ridge, Resaca, Kenesaw Mountain, Marietta, Peach Tree Creek, Atlanta, Jonesboro, and the March to the Sea.
During the War, on December 1, 1863, he was married to Edna Mennda Allman, of Wauseon, Ohio. Their family eventually consisted of six children, Kate, Bessie, Roy, Harry, Mary, and Josephine.
After the War, J.H. Brigham returned to Delta, Ohio and took up farming, becoming very active in the Ohio State Grange. In 1868 Col. Brigham was elected sheriff of Fulton County, Ohio, serving two terms, and in 1881 he was elected to the State Senate from Fulton County for the legislative term 1882-1883. From 1878 to 1888 he was Master of the Ohio State Grange, and in 1888 he was elected National Master, in which position he served until 1897 when he was appointed as United States Assistant Secretary of Agriculture in the McKinley administration, and was President of the Ohio Woolgrowers Association. At this point the family relocated to Washington, D.C., leaving the family farm in Delta in the care of their eldest son, Roy.
Joseph Henry Brigham died suddenly while on route to St. Louis to oversee the U.S. exhibits at the St. Louis Exposition in 1904. He was buried in Greenlawn Cemetery in Delta.
More extensive biographical information on J.H. Brigham, as well as background information on W.S. Brigham, and genealogical data on the Joel Brigham line, can be found in the subject files of the collection.
|Scope and Content|
The material in the Brigham collection is a mix of Civil War correspondence, post-War family letters, some scrapbook clipppings, genealogical information, and subject files relating to the career of Joseph Henry Brigham.
The correspondence series are primarily focused around J.H. Brigham, with the most extensive files consisting of his letters to his wife, Edna, during the Civil War and during his post-war career. In the wartime collection, the topics describe Brigham's general situation and battlefield activities on the Atlanta Campaign, questions about events and people at home, and his instructions to his wife regarding her actions. Of note in this group is a letter of July 11, 1864 in which he expresses his preference that Edna not use any kind of makeup or "paint", and one dated March 1, 1865, describing how he is killing time in New York going to the theater and Barnum's museum, while waiting for Sherman's army to "turn up" during the March to the Sea.
J.H. Brigham's post-war letters to his wife cover a wider time period, including his two terms as Sheriff of Fulton County, with three letters during his wife's absence describing everything from arresting an arsonist, the visit to the jail of the wife of a prisoner, and a hard-fought election, interspersed with sentimental expressions of loneliness. Other letters written during this period were when Brigham was away from home on business, generally looking for fugitives, "to capture those miscreants," or "having a big hunt after those boys."
Later letters to Edna, on stationery ranging from Ohio State Grange, National Grange, various hotels, Department of Agriculture, the United States Commission to the Paris Exposition of 1900, and the Pan American Exposition in Buffalo, describe his official activities, impressions of various cities, and concerns for the health of his wife and family.
The miscellaneous other letter series include other Civil War correspondence from C.C. Allman describing the situation on a Union Hospital ship in 1863, post-war letters from members of the 69th O.V.I. with details of events surrounding the burning of Reed's Bridge at Chickamauga, and letters written to his family, including a series written to daughter Mary from Paris.
Subject files in the collection include materials related to the Civil War, with J.H. Brigham's Pension File, background on monuments and tablets related to the 69th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, a handwritten copy of Special Field Order 120 (1864), which outlined the foraging rules and provisions of the March to the Sea; genealogical material including Brigham Family obituaries, a Brigham Family history, 1635-1935, an outline of the Joel Brigham Family line (the uncle of J.H. Brigham), a biographical sketch of J.H. Brigham submitted for a Delta, Ohio History, a file with collected material on Joseph H. Brigham professional activities with the Grange, Dept.of Agriculture, and McKinley's Death, and legal papers including a folder of Joseph H. Brigham contracts and patents, and a deed to Brigham family property in Massachusetts.
The collection also contains a folder of miscellaneous photographs, including a family group portrait of the J.H. Brigham family, a shot of Brigham in his office at the Department of Agriculture, and a group picture at the Pan American Exhibition in Buffalo of Brigham with President McKinley, taken the day before McKinley was shot.O.V.I.
CORRESPONDENCE - J.H. Brigham to Edna A. Brigham (Civil War)
CORRESPONDENCE - J.H. Brigham to Edna A. Brigham (Post-war)
CORRESPONDENCE - Grange Correspondence to Brigham
CORRESPONDENCE - Miscellaneous Correspondence to Brigham
CORRESPONDENCE - C.C. Allman (Civil War)
CORRESPONDENCE - Relating to 69th O.V.I. history
CORRESPONDENCE - Cousin Emma to L.H. Brigham
CORRESPONDENCE - Winfield Scott Brigham to son L.H. Brigham
CORRESPONDENCE - J.H. Brigham to daughter Mary M. Brigham
J.H. BRIGHAM CIVIL WAR PENSION FILE
69th OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY
CIVIL WAR, SPECIAL FIELD ORDER 120
BRIGHAM FAMILY OBITUARIES
BRIGHAM FAMILY HISTORICAL MATERIAL
JOEL BRIGHAM FAMILY GENEALOGY
JOEL BRIGHAM FAMILY MISCELLANEOUS CORRESPONDENCE
JOSEPH HENRY BRIGHAM BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH
JOSEPH H. BRIGHAM PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES
SCRAPBOOKS AND SCRAPBOOK MATERIALS
CLIPPINGS AND EPHEMERA
Box 1Folder 1 - Civil War Letters - J. H. Brigham to Edna A. Brigham, 1864-1865
Folder 12 - 69th Ohio Volunteer Infantry monuments and tablets
Folder 13 - Civil War, Special Field Order 120, 1864
Folder 16 - Joel Brigham Family line
Folder 17 - Joel Brigham Family miscellaneous correspondence
Folder 18 - J.H. Brigham biographical sketch for Delta History
Folder 1 - Joseph H. Brigham professional activities (Grange/Dept.of Agriculture/McKinley Death), 1892-1903
Folder 2 - Joseph H. Brigham contracts, patents, 1901-1903
Folder 3 - Brigham Family deed to land in Massachusetts, 1784
Folder 4 - Loose clippings and ephemera, 1895-1903, nd.
Folder 5 - Excerpts from "The war of the rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies", 1880-1901
Folder 6 - Photographic prints, 1864-1986