MS 1183 - Wood County Cooperative Extension Service (Ohio) Emergency Farm Labor
|Title||MS 1183 - Wood County Cooperative Extension Service (Ohio) Emergency Farm Labor|
The Emergency Farm Labor records of the Cooperative Extension Service span from 1943-1948, with the majority of materials covering the range of 1944 through 1945. This collection consists of correspondences between local and state agents, as well as with military personnel. In addition, the collection contains such records as applications for employment, laws and regulations, farm labor handbooks, and the leases of land used for a prisoner of war camp. This register was compiled by Matthew Kilmer on April of 2013.
This collection is a part of the local government records preservation program and has no restrictions.
The Cooperative Extension Service began as a mutual effort between land-grant universities and the United States Department of Agriculture to provide instruction on agricultural techniques and home economics. During the First and Second World Wars, the role of Cooperative Extension expanded to aid the needs of farmers and businesses in need of manual labor by acquiring the services of women, migrant workers, and prisoners of war.
In Wood County, a county agent by the name of C.B. Stewart was assigned to assist the military in establishing a prisoner of war camp in Bowling Green for the purposes of providing laborers for regional growers. Furthermore, Stewart oversaw the employment of migrant workers from Mexico and Jamaica.
|Scope and Content|
The documents within this collection provide excellent material for a comprehensive study of the Emergency Farm Labor activities of the Cooperative Extension Service in Ohio, but may be lacking for a narrower regional study. The correspondences (1943-1947) are mainly between C.B. Stewart and a select number of other parties, including Guy Dowdy, the state supervisor of the extension service; Colonel McCormick, the man in charge of the prisoner of war camp; and regional businesses seeking manual labor. The land leases and contracts (1944-1945) regarding the prisoner of war camp are included in the collection. Furthermore, medical bills (1944-1948) highlight the types of illnesses and injuries sustained by migrant workers and various certificates of employment (1944-1945) demonstrate where these laborers were needed the most.
LIST OF MEXICAN WORKERS
CERTIFICATION OF NEED FOR EMPLOYMENT OF PRISONERS OF WAR
FARM LABOR HANDBOOK
OHIO EXTENSION FARM LABOR BULLETIN
CERTIFICATION FOR NON-AGRICULTURAL EMPLOYMENT
CERTIFCATES OF AGRICULTURAL EMPLOYMENT WHEN ILLNESS BEGAN
REGISTRATION FOR PART TIME AGRICULTURAL LABOR