GLMS 116 - U.S. Customs Service (Cleveland, Ohio)
|Title||GLMS 116 - U.S. Customs Service (Cleveland, Ohio)|
|Introduction||The original volumes from which the ten rolls of microfilm in this collection were made were loaned to Bowling Green State University in 1982 by the US Coast Guard 9th District Commander, Rear Admiral James S. Gracey. The original volumes are housed in the Chicago branch of the National Archives. Copyright has been dedicated to the public and duplication from the microfilm is permitted for research purposes.|
|Agency History||The United States Customs Service, created by an act of July 31, 1789, became part of the Department of the Treasury when that Department was established in September of 1789. The service has been responsible for the enforcement of numerous laws and regulations pertaining to the import and export of merchandise, collection of tonnage taxes, control of the entrance and clearance of coastwise and fishing trades, and the protection of passengers. A Bureau of Customs was established March 3, 1927, to supervise these activities and in 1942 it assumed the responsibilities of the Bureau of Marine Inspection and Navigation relating to the registering, enrolling, licensing, and admeasurement of merchant vessels. This responsibility was assigned to the Coast Guard in 1967.|
The act that established the Customs Service in 1789 also provided for the creation of collection districts in various coastal, river, Great Lakes, and inland ports. A Collector of Customs in each district was responsible for the enforcement of all rules and regulations including the protection of American seamen and passengers and the forwarding of basic data on immigration, imports, and exports. A Naval officer in each district, coordinate in rank with the Collector, was required to keep separate accounts and copies of all manifests and entries and to countersign certain of the daily record of all vessel arrivals and clearances, and was assisted by inspectors, weighers, and gaugers in the collection and payment of bounty allowances and fees and the admeasurement of foreign vessels for tonnage duties.
|Scope and Content||This collection of ten microfilm rolls documents the issuance of certificates and sale of vessels recorded at the Cleveland, Ohio office of the US Customs Service for the years 1871-1939. Certificate and License documentation can be found on rolls 1 and 2. Mortgage Information, Bills of Sale, and other sales documentation can be found on rolls 2 through 10. The financial and legal files in this collection document a portion of the regulatory work of the US Customs Service in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.|
|Order of Microfilming||Roll 1|
1. Master Carpenter Certificates, 1 Vol., 1874-1907
Contains district, place and date of issuance, name of master carpenter, place and year of build, vessel name and rig, owner, dimensions, tonnage, number of decks, number of masts, and building material.
2. Index of Enrollments, 4 Vols., 1878-1921
Contains vessel rig, name, tonnage, type of enrollment, number and date of issuance, date of margin received, and where, when, and why surrendered. The overlapping volumes cover the following years: 1879-1901, 1889-1906, 1889-1912, 1902-1921.
3. Index of Registers, 1 Vol., 1918-1931
Contains vessel rig, name, tonnage, type of register, date of document issuance and number, date of margin received, and where, when, and why surrendered.
6. Yacht Licenses, 2 Vols., 1989-1915
This record was created for regulation of yachts as per Circular No. 8 (August 29, 1912) of the Bureau of Navigation, Treasury Department Decision No. 32869 (October 19, 1912), and Amendments to Sections 4214 and 4218, Revised Statutes (Approved August 20, 1912). Under these regulations, yachts under sixteen gross tons were not required to report to the Customs House when returning from a foreign port unless having dutiable goods aboard. Yachts of sixteen gross tons or over were required to be documented, but were exempted from clearing for foreign ports. However, they were required to report to the Customs House upon arriving from a foreign port.
Contains the vessels’ official number, name, rig, number of dicks, number of masts, dimensions, tonnage, type of head and stern, home port, owners, and date of license issuance.
The following overlapping years are covered: 1907-1915, 1910-1921, 1892-1925, 1915-1923.
The following overlapping years are covered: 1924-1925, 1925-1926, 1926-1930.
2. Mortgages of Enrolled or Licensed Yachts, 1 Vol., 1932-1939