GLMS 115 - U.S. Customs Service (Toledo, Ohio)
|Title||GLMS 115 - U.S. Customs Service (Toledo, Ohio)|
The original volumes from which the six rolls of microfilm in this collection were made were loaned to Bowling Green State University in 1982 by the US Coast Guard 9th District Commander, Rear Admiral James S. Gracey. The original volumes are housed in the Chicago branch of the National Archives. Copyright has been dedicated to the public and duplication from the microfilm is permitted for research purposes.
|Agency History||The United States Customs Service, created by an act of July 31, 1789, became part of the Department of the Treasury when that Department was established in September of 1789. The service has been responsible for the enforcement of numerous laws and regulations pertaining to the import and export of merchandise, collection of tonnage taxes, control of the entrance and clearance of coastwise and fishing trades, and the protection of passengers. A Bureau of Customs was established March 3, 1927, to supervise these activities and in 1942 it assumed the responsibilities of the Bureau of Marine Inspection and Navigation relating to the registering, enrolling, licensing, and admeasurement of merchant vessels. This responsibility was assigned to the Coast Guard in 1967.|
The act that established the Customs Service in 1789 also provided for the creation of collection districts in various coastal, river, Great Lakes, and inland ports. A Collector of Customs in each district was responsible for the enforcement of all rules and regulations including the protection of American seamen and passengers and the forwarding of basic data on immigration, imports, and exports. A Naval officer in each district, coordinate in rank with the Collector, was required to keep separate accounts and copies of all manifests and entries and to countersign certain of the daily record of all vessel arrivals and clearances, and was assisted by inspectors, weighers, and gaugers in the collection and payment of bounty allowances and fees and the admeasurement of foreign vessels for tonnage duties.
|Scope and Content||This collection of six microfilm rolls documents the issuance of certificates and sale of vessels recorded at the Toledo, Ohio office of the US Customs Service for the years 1870-1948. Certificates and Enrollments are found on rolls one, two, and three. Mortgage information and Bills of Sale can be found on rolls three, four, five, and six. The financial and legal files in this collection document a portion of the regulatory work of the US Customs Service in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.|
|Order of Microfilming|
Roll 1Master Carpenter Certificates, 1 Vol., 1871-1942.
Contains district place, and date of issuance, name of master carpenter, place and year of build, vessel name and rig, owner, dimensions, tonnage, number of decks, number of masts, and building material.
Enrollments, 3 Vols., 1885-1906.
Contains enrollment number, date, and district of issuance, owners, master, when and where built, most recent prior enrollment data and reason for surrender, vessel name, rig, dimensions, tonnage, number of decks, number of masts, and type of head and stern. The unnumbered volumes cover the following years: 1885-1893, 1893-1896, 1896-1906.
Contains registry number, date, and district of issuance, owners, master, when and where vessel was built, most recent prior registry/enrollment data and reason for surrender, vessel name, rig, dimensions, tonnage, number of decks, number of masts, and type of head and stern. The document was issued to vessels engaged in foreign trade. The unnumbered volumes cover the following years: 1899-1920, 1920-1934, 1942-1964.
Contains vessel rig, name, tonnage, type of enrollment, number and date of issuance, and where, when, and why surrendered.
Volume is divided into enrollments/licenses issued and enrollments/licenses surrendered. The former contains vessel name, rig, tonnage, type of document, number and issuance date, description of most immediate prior document, and when, where, and why surrendered. The latter section contains vessel name, rig, tonnage, official number, home port, date of issuance and number of document, and when, where, and why surrendered.
Index to Licenses, 1 Vol., 1905-1926.
Contains vessel rig, name, tonnage, license number and date of issuance, and where, when, and why surrendered.
Abstracts of Registers, Enrollments, and Licenses, 3 Vols., 1912-1920.
Contains issuance date and number of document, reason granted, and vessel official number and tonnage. Volumes cover the following years: 1912-1915, 1915-1917, 1917-1920, and 1920-1922.
This record was created for regulation of yachts as per Circular No. 8 (August 29, 1912) of the Bureau of Navigation, Treasury Department, Decision No. 32869 (October 19, 1912) and Amendments to Sections 4214 and 4218, Revised Statutes (approved August 20, 1912). Under these regulations, yachts under sixteen gross tons were not required to be documented. Such yachts were not required to report to the Customs House when returning from a foreign port unless having dutiable merchandise aboard. Yachts of sixteen gross tons or over were required to be documented, but were exempted from clearing for foreign ports. However, they were required to report to the Customs House upon arriving from a foreign port.
Contains the vessel’s official number, name, rig, number of decks, number of masts, dimensions, tonnage, type of head and stern, home port, owners, and date of license issuance. The unnumbered volumes cover the following overlapping years: 1912-1928 and 1912-1925.
Certificate of Record, 1 Envelope, 1917.
Contains document number and issuance date, vessel builder, place and year of build, master, owner, number of decks, number of masts, type of head and stern dimensions, rig, and tonnage. Record was designed for ships built for foreign-flag interests.
Certificate of Ownership of Vessel, 1 Envelope, 1930-1952.
Contains date of document issuance, vessel rig, name, tonnage, type of documents issued and document numbers, owner, and mortgage/lien data.
Corporate Change of Name, 1 Envelope, 1919-1936.
Contains instruments showing corporate change of name, date of record, and book of record.
Volume contains name, rig, and tonnage of vessel, type of conveyance, date of conveyance, amount of consideration, date received for record, book of record, part of conveyance, and remarks.
Volume contains information only under letters E, L, M, and U. Information includes name, official number, rig, and tonnage of vessel, mortgager, mortgagee, part owned, part conveyed, type of conveyance, date of conveyance, amount of consideration, date received for record, book of record, amount of mortgage, date of maturity, date of endorsement of marine document, and port where endorsed.
Volumes contain name, rig, and tonnage of vessel, name of owners, place of residence, mortgage amount and conditions, relevant dates involved in completing transactions. The following years are covered: 1912, 1927-1939.
Satisfaction of Mortgages, 1 Vol., 1917-1941.
Contains vessel name, rig, official number, tonnage, mortgager, mortgagee, mortgage data, book of record, and date of satisfaction.
Record contains name and rig of vessel, grantor/mortgager, grantee/mortgagee, type of conveyance, date of conveyance/mortgage amount of consideration/mortgage, date of maturity or mortgage, date received for record, book of record, and part conveyed. The following overlapping years are covered: 1894-1943 and 1901-1942.
Bills of Sale, 1 Vol., 1873-1876.
Contains participants, amount of consideration, date, latest enrollment data, and the following vessel data: official number, rig, name, year and place of build, tonnage, dimensions, number of decks, number of masts, and type of head and stern.
The following years are covered: 1876-1879, 1879-1887, 1887-1892, 1892-1896.
Bills of Sale, 5 Vols., 1896-1900.
The following years are covered: 1896-1900, 1900-1906, 1909-1919, 1910-1925, 1926-1934.
Consolidated Certificates of Enrollment and License, 1 Vol., 1936-1959.
Record of Wreck Reports, 2 Vols., 1898-1942.
Contains description and data of vessel, crew, voyage, cargo, and nature of casualty. Pertains to vessels enrolled in district and/or casualty occurring within district. Volumes cover the following years: 1898-1915 and 1917-1942.